Mark A. Drumbl Class of 1975 Alumni Professor of Law and Director, Transnational Law Institute
Office: 8531 Lewis Hall
Area of Expertise
International Law,Transnational Law, Mass Violence and Human Rights, Global Environmental Governance
BA, 1989, McGill University
MA, 1991, Institut d'études politiques de Paris/McGill University
JD, 1994, University of Toronto
LLM, 1998, Columbia University
SJD, 2002, Columbia University
Mark Drumbl is the Class of 1975 Alumni Professor at Washington and Lee University, School of Law, where he also serves as Director of the University's Transnational Law Institute. He has held visiting appointments and has taught intensive courses at law schools world-wide, including Oxford University (University College), Université de Paris II (Panthéon-Assas), Free University of Amsterdam, University of Ottawa, Masaryk University, Trinity College-Dublin, University of Western Ontario, University of Melbourne, Monash University, Vanderbilt University, University of Sydney, and the University of Illinois.
Professor Drumbl's research and teaching interests include public international law, global environmental governance, international criminal law, post-conflict justice, and transnational legal process. His work has been relied upon by the Supreme Court of Canada, the United Kingdom High Court, United States Federal Court, and the Supreme Court of New York in recent decisions. In 2018 and 2017, he published articles on Raphael Lemkin and the codification of the crime of genocide; on film and post-conflict justice; detailed commentaries on child soldiers and the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Optional Protocol on Children in Armed conflict (co-authored with John Tobin, University of Melbourne); on the sentencing aspects of the proposed African Court of Justice and Human and Peoples' Rights; on impunity; 'collaborator' trials held in Israel following World War II; the release of war crimes convicts by international criminal tribunals; and destruction and preservation of cultural property. In 2016, Professor Drumbl published articles that examine: (1) how U.S. judges rely on international materials in Alien Tort Statute litigation, (2) how law should approach victims who victimize others in periods of atrocity, (3) historical work that unpacks the contributions of the Supreme National Tribunal of Poland to the development of international criminal law, and (4) transnational justice.
In 2012, he published Reimagining Child Soldiers in International Law and Policy (Oxford University Press). This ground-breaking book challenges much of conventional wisdom when it comes to preventing child soldiering, meaningfully reintegrating child soldiers, and engaging with former child solders as vibrant contributors to post-conflict reconciliation. Drumbl suggests a number of reforms to international law and policy on this most topical issue. To date, this book has been reviewed in several venues: American Journal of International Law, Criminal Law and Philosophy, Global Governance, Social and Legal Studies, Canadian Yearbook of International Law, Melbourne Journal of International Law, Journal of the Philosophy of International Law, European Journal of International Law, British Yearbook of International Law, Political Studies Review, Chinese Journal of International Law, Lawfare blog, Think Africa Press, War Studies Publications, Journal of International Criminal Justice, African Journal of Legal Studies, and Human Rights Quarterly.
Professor Drumbl's first book, Atrocity, Punishment, and International Law (Cambridge University Press, 2007) has received critical acclaim. It rethinks -- in theory and in practice -- how individuals who perpetrate genocide and crimes against humanity should be punished. Atrocity, Punishment, and International Law received the 2007 Book of the Year Award by the International Association of Criminal Law (U.S. national section). In 2009, the book was recognized by the American Society of International Law as first runner-up (honorable mention) for the prestigious Certificate of Merit for Outstanding Contribution to Creative Scholarship. Reviews of Atrocity, Punishment, and International Law appear in the legal literature, including in , Ethics, the Journal of Conflict & Security Law, the International Community Law Review, the Buffalo Law Review, Jura Gentium, Michigan Law Review, the Journal of International Criminal Justice, the American Journal of International Law, the Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, the Chinese Journal of International Law, the International Journal on World Peace, the International Journal of Transitional Justice, the Leiden Journal of International Law, the Melbourne Journal of International Law, Peace and Change, Human Rights Quarterly, and the N.Y.U. J. Int'l L. & Pol.; H-Net Book Review; with briefer reviews in the human rights and political science literature.
Professor Drumbl's articles have appeared in the NYU, Michigan, Northwestern, George Washington, Tulane, and North Carolina law reviews, a number of peer-review journals, including Human Rights Quarterly, with shorter pieces in the American Journal of International Law and many other periodicals. Professor Drumbl also has authored chapters in edited volumes. He is a frequent presenter at academic symposia, conferences, invited endowed lectures, and workshops. His article Collective Violence and Individual Punishment: The Criminality of Mass Atrocity, 99 Nw. U. L. Rev. 539 (2005) received the Association of American Law Schools Outstanding Scholarly Papers Prize. His work on Rwanda has been reviewed as "exemplary" in its treatment of "the possibilities of the coexistence of victims and survivors within the same society after the event" by the Times Literary Supplement in its Learned Journals review.
Prior to entering law teaching, Professor Drumbl was judicial clerk to Justice Frank Iacobucci of the Supreme Court of Canada. His practice experience includes international arbitration, commercial litigation, and he was appointed co-counsel for the Canadian Chief-of-Defense-Staff before the Royal Commission investigating military wrongdoing in the UN Somalia Mission. In 2012, he was appointed to the Global Engagement Advisory Committee of the Association of American law Schools. Professor Drumbl has served as an expert in ATCA litigation in the U.S. federal courts (expert for the successful plaintiffs in Almog v. Arab Bank, 2007 WL 214433 (E.D.N.Y., 2007)) and in U.S. immigration court, as defense counsel in the Rwandan genocide trials, has consulted with various organizations, has taught international law in nealry two dozen countries, and is a frequent external examiner on PhD theses defended in Europe, North America, and Australia. Prior to joining Washington and Lee, he served on the faculties of Columbia University, School of Law, as Associate-in-Law, and the University of Arkansas-Little Rock.
Reimagining Child Soldiers In International Law and Policy (Mark A. Drumbl) (2012)
Atrocity, Punishment, and International Law (Mark A. Drumbl) (2007)
The Curious Criminality of Mass Atrocity: Diverse Actors, Multiple Truths, and Plural Responses (Mark A. Drumbl) Pluralism in International Criminal Law (2014)
Women as Perpetrators: Agency and Authority in Genocidal Rwanda (Mark A. Drumbl and Nicole Hogg) Genocide and Gender in the Twentieth Century: A Comparative Survey (2014)
"Germans are the Lords and Poles are the Servants": The Trial of Arthur Greiser in Poland, 1946 (Mark A. Drumbl) Untold Stories: Hidden Histories of War Crimes Trials (2013)
The United States and the International Criminal Court: A Complicated, Uneasy, Yet at Times Engaging Relationship (Leila Nadya Sadat and Mark A. Drumbl) Washington University School of Law in St. Louis Legal Studies Research Paper Series (2016)
Victims who victimise (Mark A. Drumbl) London Review of International Law (2016)
Extracurricular International Criminal Law (Mark A. Drumbl) International Criminal Law Review (2016)
Stepping Beyond Nuremberg's Halo: The Legacy of the Supreme National Tribunal of Poland (Mark A. Drumbl) Journal of International Criminal Justice (2015)
- See Prof. Drumbl's full list of publications at his Scholarly Commons page.